Côte d’Ivoire: où sera jugée Simone Gbagbo?

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Simone Gbagbo
Simone Gbagbo, le 7 octobre 2009 à Anyama en Côte d’Ivoire
© AFP

Ce vendredi, la Côte d’Ivoire dépose aux juges de la Cour pénale internationale de nouveaux éléments pour tenter de les convaincre que l’ancienne première dame peut être jugée dans son pays. Simone Gbagbo est accusée de crimes contre l’humanité par la CPI, mais les autorités ivoiriennes ont jusqu’à présent toujours refusé de transférer l’épouse de Laurent Gbagbo aux Pays-Bas.

Il y a un peu plus d’un an, en septembre 2013, la justice ivoirienne avait annoncé son refus d’exécuter le mandat d’arrêt de la CPI contre Simone Gbagbo. Depuis, les juges internationaux demandent des gages de leur bonne foi aux Ivoiriens, qui doivent prouver qu’ils ont bien l’intention de la juger de manière équitable pour des crimes de la même nature que ceux que la CPI lui reproche en Côte d’Ivoire. L’ancienne première dame est notamment inculpée de génocide.

D’après des personnes proches du dossier, elle a subi une dizaine d’interrogatoires depuis le mois de juin dans sa résidence surveillée d’Odienné, dans le nord-ouest du pays. La date d’un procès devrait même bientôt être fixée, peut-être avant la fin de l’année.

Ces arguments vont-ils convaincre les magistrats de La Haye ? La Côte d’Ivoire a déjà transféré à la CPI deux figures de l’ancien régime, Laurent Gbagbo et Charles Blé Goudé,mais Alassane Ouattara a répété à plusieurs reprises son souhait que Simone Gbagbo soit jugée dans son pays. Autour du président ivoirien, on explique qu’envoyer devant la CPI une troisième personnalité du même camp – de surcroît une femme – pourrait être mal perçu sur le continent et plomberait encore plus la réconciliation nationale.

Par RFI

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  1. UJ – Your use of Britain as an example of a cavnersotive Protestant state needs some refinement. It must be remembered that within the Church of England there were always Catholicizing and Calvinizing factions – call them Cavalier and Puritan. The foreign policy of Britain in Wellington’s time was Cavalier. It supported the restoration of the Bourbons in France, Spain, and Naples. Britain’s cavalier rulers could do so, and be ‘joined at the hip with Metternich,’ because their Anglican Protestantism did not really have much disagreement over social and political questions with the Gallican Catholicism of the Bourbons or the residue of Ghibellinism present in the Gatholic parts of the old Holy Roman Empire.The political balance in Britain changed with the Reform Act of 1832, and the political rise of the middle class, who were disproportionately low-church Anglicans or Nonconformists – heirs to the Puritans. Whereas in the pre-Reform era, Britain allied itself with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, by 1850, Gladstone was execrating Britain’s former ally in a manner essentially similar to that in which U.S. politicians of the second half of the twentieth century did the Diems in South Viet Nam, the white government of South Africa, the shah of Iran, Somoza in Nicaragua, etc. Gladstone’s rise to the leadership of the Liberal party was built on an alliance with Nonconformity (in spite of his personal high churchmanship) that supported him till the end of his political life.The English Nonconformists who supported Gladstone’s hectoring and moralistic foreign policy have their parallel, not in the general Protestantism of old-stock Americans, but in the Congregationalism and Unitarianism of New England – the heirs to the Puritans on this side of the Atlantic. It’s important to distinguish this kind of Protestantism from other varieties of it that prevailed elsewhere in the U.S. It was amongst these people above all that abolitionism, teetotalism, and finally the ‘social gospel’ replaced personal salvation as the doctrinal core of denominational belief.At length, belief in Christianity became so attentuated amongst Protestants of this strain that it was simply abandoned by many of them. The life of Paul Blanshard is exemplary.The son of a Congregational minister, himself ordained a Congregational minister, he also became a socialist, and ended up a secular humanist – retaining nothing of his former Protestantism but its virulent antipathy toward the Roman Catholic church. This element of New England Puritanism, supplemented by Pennsylvania Quakerism (the Quakers descend from the “Independent” faction of the English interregnum) has dominated the thinking of the U.S. brahminate for generations. Political correctness = secular puritanism.

  2. An example of aaitdemocrntic discipline in a networked world: “The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China has the use of blogs, microblogs and other social web sites by Chinese military personnel.”

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